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A pinfire cartridge is an obsolete type of metallic firearm cartridge in which the priming compound is ignited by striking a small pin which protrudes radially from just above the base of the cartridge. Invented by Frenchman Casimir Lefaucheux in the s [1] but not patented until[2] it was one of the earliest practical designs of a metallic cartridge.

Its history is closely associated with the development of the breechloader which replaced muzzle-loading weapons. The Swiss gun maker Samuel Joannes Pauly patented the first breechloading cartridge in French gun maker Henri Roux attempted to improve this cartridge in the s but a constantly primed cartridge was felt by many to be too dangerous and many breechloading guns reverted to using an unprimed cartridge.

This was fired by a separate percussion cap which was used on the still dominant muzzle-loading guns. Casimir Lefaucheux of Paris decided in [4] to patent a breechloader where the barrel hinged downwards to reveal the breech ends.

french pinfire pistol

These still used a separate percussion cap. Though used before this, as seen in surviving pinfire shotshells that lists the names of early gun makers he signed contracts with in and[1] [5] in [2] he was granted an addition to the patent for a new type of cartridge in which the cartridge's priming compound is ignited by striking a small pin which protrudes radially from just above the base of the cartridge.

These pins fitted into a small groove cut in the top of each barrel-end and made it easy to see if the gun was loaded. The cartridge used metal bases often brass with paper tubes which were usually loaded by the shooter or his staff but were not entirely gas-tight. This reduced the force of the charge and allowed powder residue and gas to escape. The pinfire cartridge was greatly improved by the patent number by Benjamin Houllier of Paris which introduced a base wad and effectively made the cartridge gas-tight which greatly improved the performance.

They were cheap and clean shooting.

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These improved pinfire guns grew in popularity in France and some were imported by British gun makers to overwhelming indifference on the part of the gun users there. They were prejudiced technically against a gun that 'broke' in the middle, despite the much vaunted benefits of breechloading. It was not until the Great Exhibition of was held in London that breechloading guns were taken more seriously by British and American gun makers in particular.

The display of a Lefaucheux breechloading gun inspired English apprentice gunmaker Edwin Charles Hodges to make an improved copy and persuade leading London gun maker Joseph Lang that this was the gun of the future.

Lang was universally credited to be the first established British gunmaker to produce pinfires in any numbers. His first weapon of this new type was produced in EC Hodges continued to make a good living as a specialist independent maker of breechloading actions commissioned by leading gunmakers such as Boss, Lancaster, Egg, Grant, Atkin, Rigby, Dickson, Purdey, Woodward, Army and Navy, and many others. After Casimir's death inhis son Eugene continued to market the pinfire design with great success.

It became increasingly popular in Europe and large numbers of shotguns and revolvers often called Lefaucheux guns after their inventor whoever the maker waswere manufactured from the mids until the s. They were quicker and easier to load than percussion weapons with loose black powderpercussion caps and bullet ; and they were also much more likely to fire reliably when wet. Pinfire cartridges were available in a large number of sizes for various types of weapon.

While pinfire shotguns declined from the early s after the introduction of mass-produced centerfire shotgun cartridges, pinfire revolvers in particular became very successful and widespread, being adopted by the armies of FranceItalySpainSwitzerlandSweden and others. Some navies also adopted them, "sea service" examples often being made out of brass which is largely unaffected by the corrosion caused by salt.

Pinfire became obsolete once reliable rimfire and centerfire cartridges became available because without a pin which needed aligning in the slot in the chamber wall they were quicker to load.

They were also safer because they had no protruding pin which could cause the ammunition to accidentally detonate during rough handling, particularly of loose ammunition.Original Item: Only One Available. The model was the first metallic-cartridge revolver adopted by a national government.

Most were produced either at the state arsenal in St. The revolver was sold to the civilian market as well. Most military models were produced only with single-action, whereas civilian models were made primarily with double action. This model revolver, as well as the earlier M, were imported in large numbers by both the North and South during the American Civil war.

In many ways the large bore martial pinfire revolver, based upon the patents of Casimir and Eugene Lefaucheux was one of the most modern and advanced military handguns to see use on the battlefield during the American Civil War. Thousands of these pinfire revolvers were imported for use by US troops, and at least a few hundred saw service with Confederate troops as well.

Although US government purchases only record about 13, M Lefaucheux patent pin fire revolvers as being officially purchased along with over 2. The primary importer of M revolvers was George Schuyler who purchased 10, Lefaucheux revolvers for the US government.

Most of Schuyler's purchases appear to have been made directly from Lefaucheux in Paris. However, extant examples with American Civil War provenance indicate that many Belgian licensed copies were also imported during the war. The Ordnance Department did not appear to differentiate between the French and Belgian made versions, much like they often lumped French and Belgian made muskets together without any distinction at all.

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Period documentation indicates that pinfire revolvers saw significant use by Confederate soldiers as, and many deep south arsenals maintained inventories pin fire cartridges and even offered the pistols for sale to officers. However, the use of pin fire revolvers by the North and South was not limited to the 12mm military guns.

Many men took privately owned, "civilian" pattern pin fire revolvers into the field. It is not uncommon for relic diggers to find 7mm, 9mm as well as the more common 12mm pinfire cartridges in known Civil War campsites.

Excavated and recovered pinfire revolvers are known from these campsites as well, and at least one privately owned 9mm pinfire was recovered from the wreck of the USS Cairo gunboat, and is on display at Vicksburg National Military Park.

The bore measures The bore is rifled with six deep, narrow grooves with a very slow rate of twist, which almost appears straight. The bore shows crisp rifling, and is partially bright, though there is a bit of fouling.

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Only real issue is that the loading gate at the rear of the cylinder has been lost to the ages. We were not able to find a replacement. The gun bears serial number on the frame under the cylinder. Most interesting of all is that the frame is marked with the U. There are also various proof marks on components of the revolver. The Pin Fire Cartridge had a pin protruding from it's side which when in the revolver's cylinder extended outside the cylinder wall.

When struck by the hammer pushing the pin into the cartridge the internal primer was ignited and the cartridge discharged. This process was a lot faster and easier than muzzle loading and capping as were the standard Army Percussion revolvers of the day. Despite this convenience the revolver was not a success, it was considered not rugged enough for Military Service and accidental discharge of the cartridges before being loaded into the weapon became a serious problem.

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Title 18, U. Code, Section a 16 defines antique firearms as all guns made prior to This law exempts antique firearms from any form of gun control or special engineering because they are not legally considered firearms.

These antique guns are not sold in "live" condition. They are sold as collector's items or as "wall hangers". Any attempt at restoring an antique gun to be operational is strongly discouraged and is done so at the risk of the customer. By purchasing an antique gun from IMA you thereby release IMA, its employees and corporate officers from any and all liability associated with use of our Antique guns.

Pre Manufacture, no licenses required, allowed to ship to almost any deliverable address across the globe. Shopping Cart 0 View cart.Original Item: Only One Available. This came to us from a Collection that was put together in the 's and 's, and remained in storage ever since. Perfect for personal protection in any City, especially Paris, London or New York, as the 's were a real period of turmoil, war and civilian unrest. This is the original "close quarters concealable breech loading pistol" of the era.

Miniature model 1:3 French Lefaucheux. Pinfire Revolver. 2 MM Pinfire

It is fitted with a typical carved and fluted French grip, which appears to be made of horn or bone. Title 18, U.

Code, Section a 16 defines antique firearms as all guns made prior to This law exempts antique firearms from any form of gun control or special engineering because they are not legally considered firearms. These antique guns are not sold in live condition. Any attempt at restoring an antique gun to be operational is strongly discouraged and is done so at the risk of the customer. By purchasing an antique gun from IMA you thereby release IMA, its employees and corporate officers from any and all liability associated with use of our Antique guns.

Pre Manufacture, no licenses required, allowed to ship to almost any deliverable address across the globe. Shopping Cart 0 View cart. Prev Next. Item: ON Default Title - Sold Out. Add to Cart. Shipping Restrictions This product is not available for shipping in US state s New Jersey This product is available for international shipping. Payment Options Not eligible for payment with Paypal or Amazon.Lefaucheux Model Pinfire Revolver.

Frenchman Casimir Lefaucheux developed the "pinfire" metallic cartridge from the late s into the s before patenting his creation in The pinfire system revolved around use of a metallic brass case with the included priming compound being ignited by a striking pin mounted directly to the cartridge base itself - this pin being struck by the hammer of the gun in the usual way. Bythe pinfire cartridge was in widespread use throughout Europe, adopted by several of the world powers there including France, Italy and Spain - and improved through an patent by Houllier of Paris.

Lefaucheux's son, Eugene Lefaucheux, took to the family business and made his own name by developing several firearms to utilize his father's creation to the fullest. One such creation became the Model revolver which saw combat in many period clashes including the American Civil War - joining a plethora of handguns to see service in the conflict. Design of the Model was quite conventional and included a well curved wood-covered grip, recurved tang under the trigger loop allowing two fingers to be positioned at the trigger area and standard octagonal or rounded barrels of six inches in length.

The weapon made use of a six-round rotating cyclinder with integrated rammer positioned ahead and under the barrel, offset to the right side and used in clearing spent cases from their chambers.

The cylinders were generally smooth in their overall finish. A lanyard loop was added to the base of the grip handle. Sighting was through a forward iron post found just aft of the muzzle. The weapon was chambered for a 12mm pinfire cartridge. In practice, the Model was regarded as an effective, no frills system by most - in the American Civil War, the weapon gave up some power when compared to the competing Colts.

The pinfire cartridge now allowed operators to quickly load their weapons in a safer manner as all required ammunition components were not handily contained in the metallic cartridge - no percussion caps or separate powder supplies needed. The senior Lefauchaux died in to which his son continued in selling the world on his father's pinfire system. As such, many more revolver designs - and even some shotgun types - all followed, often times being handed the Lefauchaux name in the family's honor.

With the arrival of "rimfire" and "centerfire" self-containing metallic cartridges - these not requiring the integral pin of the pinfire cartridges to actuate ignition - the age of the pinfire soon came to a close.

Year: Manufacturing Lefaucheux - France. Barrel Length: mm 6. Sights: Fixed Front Iron. Model - Base Series Designation. Disclaimer Privacy Policy Cookies.We recently came across an interesting revolver with a folding trigger that extends itself when the hammer is cocked. Pinfire ammunition was invented in by Parisian gun maker Casimir Lefaucheux. His original patent was for a breechloading paper shotgun cartridge in which the barrel hinged downward to load and unload.

The system still relied upon ignition from a percussion cap, as did most contemporary muzzle loading firearms. Most early pinfire rounds consisted of a brass base and paper tube, which contained powder and projectile. Keep in mind, the black powder propellant used at the time was hygroscopic and corrosive.

If the pinfire had one benefit over its contemporaries, it was safety. The pin protruded from a hole cut in the top of the breech for the hammer to strike. On the other hand, a pinfire round could be dangerous when dropped or mishandled because a direct impact or inertia could move the pin and cause the round to detonate. His invention made for a more consistent round that was somewhat cleaner and could be mass produced cheaply. Lefaucheux died inbut his son Eugene carried on the family business and took the pinfire cartridge in the direction of what was then a more radical design than a break-open shotgun: the American revolver.

A pair of revolvers gave soldiers twelve rounds at their disposal, but once they were expended, the loading process was slow and laborious.

This was fine for Texas Rangers facing a superior number of Comanche armed with lances and bows or single shot muskets, but when troops came up against equally armed foes, the firepower had to be replenished quickly. A pin fire revolver was quicker to load and more importantly, they were more reliable during inclement weather. Eugene Lefaucheux had cartridges built in every conceivable dimension to fit a wide variety of revolvers from 3mm to 12mm in size.

There were probably smaller and larger examples to be found, but this was the general sizing we have seen in the literature. The revolver in question may have been made in France, Belgium like ours according to the proof marks on the cylinder or Spain, but most definitely not by Lefaucheux or his company. They were not confined to the armies of the European continent either, and quite a few saw service on both sides of the American Civil War.

This had much to do with the infamous Rollin White Patent of White was a gunsmith who worked for Colt who developed a bored-through cylinder for use in a revolver. As a result, the only US cartridge revolvers at the time were small. The pin fire on the other hand, fired rounds comparable to the larger bore black powder revolvers.The history of miniature firearms counts more than three hundred years.

It is rooted in the passion of men to play toys even when they have grown up. Especially, if the toy is cute and dangerous at the same time. However, at first mini firearm production was the criterion of craftsmanship. If an artisan could make precise miniature copies of guns — he was honored as a true craftsman.

Pinfire cartridge

Later a miniature pistol has gained popularity as an expensive accessory. It was usually acquired either as a present for a solid person The Queen, for instance or for demonstrating own social status.

They count a huge variety of models and mostly produced in limited numbers, as collectables. The most popular 2mm pinfire gun is the so-called Berloque pistol. So the particular attention deserves an overview ofits history. Tiny pistols were called so for being usually acquired as a fob watch pendant. It is believed, that the first Berloque single shot pistol, which used pinfire cartridges, was developed by Austrian watchmaker— Franz Pfannl. This name is well known for all collectors.

He invented some decorative little arms models and put them into production himself. Because of his basic specialization, he used to make an accent on thecomplicated construction of his models more than on milling or casting, as other manufacturers did.

Not only did he design all his pistols but also the machines used to produce them.

2 mm pinfire guns

Franz Pfannl patented his creation in So Austria is considered to be The Motherland of Berloques. Note especially the ring trigger. As with many of the earliest guns, the barrel pivot is a screw rather than a rivet. The grip design is unusual and has not been encountered in any of the later gun produced by Pfannl.

french pinfire pistol

This is an extremely rare piece. The first mention about Berlogue in German gun catalog, Usually, such pistols could fire blanks, but some versions of advertisement also speak about lead balls and bullets. Now, these models are antique and have value mostly for collectors. One of Austrian Berloques that were produced in th. It is nickel-plated and has floral designed grips. The early German firearms of this kind were usually made of solid nickel and silver and had thicker side plates than Austrian or Japanese guns, which were made of steel or brass, and nickel plated.

All of them have barrel latch pins and side springs.

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These facts show that German manufacturers did their best to rich higher level quality. A German Berloque from th.The cookie settings on this website are set to 'allow all cookies' to give you the very best experience.

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french pinfire pistol

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